What is Title IX?
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 (20 U.S.C. Sec. 1681 et seq.) is a federal law that states: “No person in the United States shall, on the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance.” Title IX prohibits sex discrimination in education, including K-12 schools. Title IX has been used to promote equity in education by ensuring equal resources and treatment in education and school-related athletic and extracurricular activities, providing protections and for pregnant and parenting students, and prohibiting sex based harassment, discrimination, and bullying. In addition to this federal law, California Education law also prohibits schools from discriminating against students on the basis of sex (Education Code sections 220-221.1).
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